Nephrotic Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Diet Chart

Now a days people have started suffering from many diseases, which give them many physical problems as well as mental anxiety. One such problem is “Nephrotic Syndrome“, which can be due to many reasons and then gradually gives rise to other diseases. In such a situation, timely treatment of nephrotic syndrome is essential. So, in this article, we’re going to discuss about the causes of nephrotic syndrome as well as the symptoms and treatment of nephrotic syndrome.

WHAT IS NEPHROTIC SYNDROME:


Nephrotic syndrome is a group of symptoms. These include excess protein in the urine, high cholesterol, high triglycerides, low levels of protein in the blood, risk of blood clots and inflammation. Nephrotic syndrome can be caused by a variety of diseases that damage the kidneys. When kidney damage occurs, a large amount of protein is released through the urine.

SYMPTOMS OF NEPHROTIC SYNDROME:


Nephrotic Syndrome Symptoms

A variety of symptoms can be seen when there is a problem of nephrotic syndrome. The symptoms of nephrotic syndrome include:

  • Seizures
  • Weight gain
  • Skin rash or sores
  • Foamy urine
  • Loss of appetite
  • Swelling, it can occur in any part of the body

CAUSES AND RISK FACTORS OF NEPHROTIC SYNDROME:


The main reason for this problem in children is Minimal Change Disease. Membranous glomerulonephritis is believed to be the main cause of this syndrome in adults. In both of these conditions, the glomeruli (groups of small blood vessels) present in the kidneys are damaged. The main function of glomeruli is to filter waste and fluids present in the stomach.

Apart from these, the causes and risks of nephrotic syndrome are as follows:

  • Kidney problems
  • Diabetes
  • Lupus, a type of inflammatory problem
  • Allergic reaction
  • Certain medicines, such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • A genetic disease that affects the kidneys
  • Infections, such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and hepatitis C
  • Amyloidosis, abnormal production of amyloid proteins in body parts

DIAGNOSIS OF NEPHROTIC SYNDROME:


Your doctor or health care provider may recommend a variety of tests to check if you have nephrotic syndrome. They include:

  • Physical Examination: To find out any problem, first of all, physical examination is done. During this, the problem can be detected by looking at the symptoms visible in the person.
  • Blood and Urine Test: During this test for nephrotic syndrome, the patient’s blood or urine sample is examined. This test detects the problem through the substance present in the blood or urine. For this, tests such as blood chemistry test, creatinine blood test, creatinine urine test, blood urea nitrogen test and urinalysis etc. can be done.
  • Ultrasound: With the help of this test, the damage done to the internal organs of the body can be detected. In this test, along with other organs, information about kidney related problems is found. This makes it clear whether a person has nephrotic syndrome or not.
  • Renal Biopsy: Renal biopsy is also one way to diagnose nephrotic syndrome. For this test, a sample of some tissue is taken from the kidney, which is examined in the lab. A biopsy can reveal the exact cause of nephrotic syndrome.

TREATMENT OF NEPHROTIC SYNDROME:


Nephrotic Syndrome Treatments

If there is a thought in the mind that treatment of nephrotic syndrome is possible or not, then tell that both Ayurvedic treatment and allopathic treatment of nephrotic syndrome can be done. Below we are giving information about the allopathic treatment done by the doctor:

  • Blood Pressure Medication: Blood pressure balancing medication may help treat nephrotic syndrome. In fact, keeping blood pressure up to 130/80 mm Hg can slow kidney damage. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACA) inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) are more commonly used for this. ACE inhibitors and ARBs can also reduce protein loss through urination.
  • Immune System Suppression Medication: Immune system suppression medication can be used to treat this problem, which can keep the active immune system calm. For this, your doctor may recommend taking corticosteroids and other immune suppression medicines.
  • Cholesterol Lowering Drugs: Treating high cholesterol may also be helpful in reducing problems with the heart and blood vessels affected by nephrotic syndrome. In this case, statin drugs can be used to reduce cholesterol and triglycerides.
  • Water Pills (Diuretic): Taking this medicine can help in reducing the swelling of the extremities due to nephrotic syndrome. This can improve the condition of nephrotic syndrome to some extent.
  • Blood Thinners: Blood clotting problems can occur in nephrotic syndrome, which can be treated with blood thinners. This can prevent clotting in the blood.

Here; it is advised not to take any medicine without consulting a doctor. Doing so can make the problem worse.

COMPLICATIONS OF NEPHROTIC SYNDROME:


If nephrotic syndrome is treated on time, serious problems caused by it can be avoided. Some of the complications caused by nephrotic syndrome are as follows:

  • Acute kidney failure
  • High blood pressure
  • To be malnourished
  • Hardening of the arteries and increased heart disease
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Fluid build-up in the body, heart failure, fluid build-up in the lungs
  • Blood clots, which can cause thrombosis
  • Infection, such as inflammation of the respiratory tract (pneumococcal pneumonia)

WHAT TO EAT AND WHAT NOT TO EAT IN NEPHROTIC SYNDROME (DIET FOR NEPHROTIC SYNDROME):


Diet for Nephrotic Syndrome

Food may also play an important role in exacerbating and reducing the problem of nephrotic syndrome. For this reason, it is vital to consume the right food. Some people also consider food to be an Ayurvedic treatment for nephrotic syndrome. In such a situation, we are going to discuss what to eat and what not to eat in nephrotic syndrome below:

What to eat:

  • In the case of nephrotic syndrome, a diet rich in vitamin D, such as salmon, mackerel, tuna fish and mushrooms can be taken.
  • Foods with low fat, cholesterol, sodium and low protein are considered good in this problem.
  • Individuals suffering from nephrotic syndrome can consume green vegetables, fruits and juices on the advice of a doctor.

What not to eat:

  • A person suffering from this problem should reduce the intake of foods high in sodium, such as beetroot, salt, milk and celery etc.
  • Reduce the intake of high-protein foods, such as meat, dairy products, nuts, grains and beans.
  • Reduce your intake of foods high in fat and cholesterol. These foods include egg yolks, meat and cheese.

PREVENTION TIPS FOR NEPHROTIC SYNDROME:


To avoid nephrotic syndrome symptoms, following tips can be adopted:

TAKE AWAY


Now; you have come to know what is nephrotic syndrome, what are its causes, symptoms and treatments. In this article, you have also learned about nephrotic syndrome diet.

Nephrotic syndrome can lead to a variety of diseases. In such a situation, by starting its treatment at the right time, this problem can be prevented from increasing. Therefore, if someone is showing symptoms of nephrotic syndrome, they should immediately talk to a specialist in this regard. This can help in taking the right steps in time.

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS (FAQs):

Q. Is nephrotic syndrome life threatening?

A. Yes, nephrotic syndrome can cause heart and kidney problems. If not treated in time, It can become life-threatening.

Q. Is nephrotic syndrome curable?

A. Yes, nephrotic syndrome is curable. To reduce its symptoms, the help of some medicines can be taken.

Q. Is Exercise Good for Nephrotic Syndrome?

A. Yes, exercise can be good for nephrotic syndrome. Just in this position, exercise should be done for a short time. It is advisable to avoid exercising for a long time.

Q. Can garlic treatment be used for nephrotic syndrome?

A. Yes, garlic treatment for nephrotic syndrome can help. Indeed, Proteinuria who caused garlic nephrotic syndrome, oxidation can also relieve stress and hyperlipidemia.

REFERENCES:

  1. Nephrotic Syndrome in Adults; National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease.
  2. Nephrotic syndrome; Medline Plus.
  3. Kidney Biopsy; Medline Plus.
  4. Health-related quality of life and psychosocial adjustment in steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome; Eva-Maria Rüth, Thomas J Neuhaus, Markus A Landolt and Markus J Kemper; PMID: 15580200.
  5. Dietary Proteins; Medline Plus.
  6. Cholesterol; Medline Plus.
  7. Quality of Life in Patients with Minimal Change Nephrotic Syndrome; Yoshiko Shutto, Hideaki Yamabe, Michiko Shimada, Takeshi Fujita and Norio Nakamura; PMCID: PMC3603304. PMID: 23533341.
  8. Vitamin D; Medline Plus.
  9. Quality of life in chronic kidney disease (CKD): a cross-sectional analysis in the Renal Research Institute-CKD study; Rachel L Perlman, Fredric O Finkelstein, Lei Liu and Erik Roys; PMID: 15806468.
  10. Sodium in diet; Medline Plus.
  11. Garlic ameliorates hyperlipidemia in chronic aminonucleoside nephrosis; J Pedraza-Chaverrí, O N Medina-Campos, I M Olivares-Corichi, M A Granados-Silvestre, P D Maldonado, R Hernández-Pando; PMID: 11055549.

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