Erectile Dysfunction : Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

Erectile Dysfunction in Men

What Is Erectile Dysfunction?

Erectile dysfunction, also known as ED or impotence, is defined as the inability to maintain an erection sufficient for sexual intercourse.

What Causes Erectile Dysfunction In Males?

There are causes behind erectile dysfunction that could be categorized into physical and emotional.

Physical causes may include disorders, low testosterone levels, decreased secretion of nitric-oxide, slow blood circulation to the penis or dick, etc.

Psychological issues may include performance nervousness, marital discord, stress, depression, low self esteem and relationship problems etc.

Main Causes of Erectile Dysfunction in Men

Also, there are certain other problems like obesity, lack of physical exercise, specific medicines like those used to treat depression, heart disease, ulcers, cancer, high blood pressure level, usage of recreational drugs, excessive smoking etc. 

Medical conditions that can cause erectile dysfunction may include —

Some lifestyle choices may also lead to ED, as —

What Are The Main Symptoms of Erectile Dysfunction?

Symptoms of ED may include —

  • Difficulty achieving an erection
  • Inability to sustain an erection 
  • Inability to have an erection
  • Reduced interest in sex
Sign and Symptoms of Erectile Dysfunction Disorder

Other symptoms that may be related to ED are —

  • Premature ejaculation
  • Delayed ejaculation
  • Inability to ejaculate
  • Reduced libido or sex drive
  • Low levels of the hormone testosterone
  • Trauma to the pelvis, such as pelvic fractures
  • A dysfunction in the muscles of the pelvic floor
  • Anorgasmia, which is the inability to achieve orgasm after ample stimulation

Call your doctor immediately, if you have any of these symptoms.

What Are The Complications Of Erectile Dysfunction In Men?

ED can affect an individual’s life more than sexual aspects. It can impact a man’s self-esteem and may lead to intense psychological distress.


Complications of erectile dysfunction may include —

  • Increased stress
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Low self-esteem
  • Relationship Problems
  • Lack of intimacy
  • Difficulty getting your partner pregnant
  • Feeling discouraged by an unsatisfying sex life

How Can I Improve Erectile Dysfunction Naturally?

The following lifestyle changes may be helpful for individuals with erectile dysfunction:

Eating A Balanced Diet : Research reveals that eating flavonoid-rich foods, such as blueberries, blackberries, strawberries and citrus fruits, may help to reduce erectile dysfunction in young as well as middle-aged men.

Maintaining A Healthy Body Weight : Individuals who are overweight are more likely to develop erectile dysfunction issue.

How to Treat Erectile Dysfunction Disorder in Men?

Quitting Smoking: Many researches state that there is a strong connection between the intensity of cigarette smoking and the degree of erectile dysfunction. So, Just stop smoking.

Avoiding Too Much Alcohol and Illicit Drug Use: Consuming too much alcohol, or illegal drug use, can affect sexual functioning in men.

Engaging In Regular Exercise :  Physical exercise improves circulation, reduces stress and contributes to maintain a healthy body weight. Physical exercise or activity can benefit the individuals with erectile dysfunction in several ways.

What Are The Treatments Of Erectile Dysfunction In Men?

Treatments of erectile dysfunction may include :

Drug Treatments

Men with erectile dysfunction can take a group of drugs called phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitors.

Vardenafil: Availble in the market in tablet form. For maximum advantage take this pill before one hour of sexual intercourse.

It can be effective for up to seven hours. It is sold under the brand names Staxyn and Levitra.

Tadalafil: Take the drug between 1 to 2 hours before having sexual intercourse. These tablets function for approx. 36 hours.

It comes under the brand names Cialis and Adcirca.

Avanafil: It is available in tablet form. Take it before 15 to 30 minutes of having sexual intercourse.

It can be effective for up to 6 hours. It is marketed in the U.S. as Stendra.

Viagra Tablets and Pills

Penile Self-Injections: Ceratin medications, such as papaverine, phentolamine or alprostadil, can be injected directly into the base or side of the penis or dick. It can help to maintain or achieve an erection for up to 40 minutes.

Urethral Suppository: Using a special applicator, it can be placed in the penile urethra.

It stimulates an erection within ten minutes that can last for up to sixty minutes.

Penis Pumps or Vacuum Erection Pumps

Penis Pumps or Vacuum Erection Pump

Penis pumps are the hollow tubes. They are attached to a hand- or battery-operated pump and work by drawing blood into the penis. They may help an individual to achieve an stronger erection.

Surgical Treatments

Penile Implants: It may be a good option for men with erectile dysfunction who have not had any success with drug medication and other non-invasive options.

Vascular Surgery: This surgical option attempts to correct some blood vessel causes of erectile dysfunction (ED).

Testosterone Replacement: This treatment is useful for men with erectile dysfunction, linked to low levels of testosterone.

Final Words

You will find a wide selection of ED treatment choices including injection treatment PDE-5 inhibitors, other prescription medication, vacuum devices, surgical implants, herbal or non prescription drugs.

There are also some changes in lifestyle that guys can implement if they suffer from impotence. These include smoking cessation, not drinking too much alcohol, being a healthful weight and exercising regularly.


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