Klinefelter syndrome (KS) is the most common sex chromosome disorder that affects an estimated 1 in every 600 –1000 males and 1 in every 1000-2000 females, though as many as 25% of men with KS may not be diagnosed due… Read More »Klinefelter syndrome: Causes, symptoms, risks, prevention and treatment
How would you describe the common cold? Most of us would probably just say a cold — but if you’re talking about respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), that’s technically not correct. Although RSV and the common cold both cause your nose… Read More »Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV): Symptoms, diagnosis, transmission, and treatments
Fungemia is an infection of the lungs caused by fungus, the most common being Aspergillus and Candida albicans. One in three patients who develop fungal infections will develop lung complications; 75% of which are considered fatal if not treated properly.… Read More »Fungemia: Causes, symptoms, diet, medicine and treatment
Brain-eating amoebas are not what they sound like, despite their ominous name. Naegleria fowleri is a microscopic organism that can cause meningitis (inflammation of the lining of the brain) if it infects your brain through your nose or ears. The… Read More »Brain-eating amoebas: Everything you need to know!
Dengue fever, also known as breakbone fever, is an acute viral disease caused by any one of four related dengue viruses transmitted by the Aedes mosquito. It was first isolated in Africa in the early 1900s and later spread to… Read More »Dengue fever: More than just a mosquito bite!
Lassa fever, also known as Lassa hemorrhagic fever (LHF), is a viral hemorrhagic fever caused by the Lassa virus, which has been identified in parts of West Africa. This disease was first reported in the city of Lassa, located in… Read More »Lassa fever: Causes, symptoms, diagnosis, prevention and treatments
Valley fever is a bacterial disease caused by the fungus Coccidioides. It’s also known as coccidioidomycosis, valley fever, San Joaquin Valley Fever, or San Joaquin Valley asthma. The most common symptom of valley fever is a dry cough and itchy… Read More »Valley fever (coccidioidomycosis): Causes, symptoms, transmission, prevention and treatments
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory disorder that typically affects the spine and sacroiliac joints. This inflammatory condition can also affect other areas of the body, including the eyes, lungs, heart, kidneys, and intestines. Symptoms are often mild in… Read More »What is ankylosing spondylitis? Causes, symptoms, diagnosis, prevention and treatment
Tuberculosis (TB) disease (also known as phthisis, or white plague) is an infectious disease usually caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) bacteria that mainly affects the lungs and respiratory system, but can also affect other parts of the body such as… Read More »Tuberculosis: Causes, symptoms, diagnosis, prevention, BCG vaccine and treatment
Norovirus, also known as Norwalk virus or the winter vomiting bug, is an extremely contagious virus that causes an acute gastroenteritis (vomiting and diarrhea) that can last from one to three days. Although norovirus can cause serious illness in people… Read More »Norovirus: Symptoms, causes, transmission, prevention and treatments