Gout (or gouty arthritis) is a condition in which uric acid crystals build up.
These crystals settle in the body's joints, most often in the big toe, but also in other joints like the ankles, knees, elbows, wrists and fingers.
It can be very painful and can lead to permanent joint damage if left untreated.
It occurs when there is an excessive amount of uric acid (a type of waste product) in the blood.
Uric acid forms crystals which then deposit around the joint, leading to inflammation and damage.
Gout (or gouty arthritis) can cause pain and inflammation.
The most common type of gout is called podagra where uric acid collects in the joint at the base of your big toe.
Chronic kidney disease also increases the risk for developing gout.
Other risk factors include obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes and alcohol use.
There are several types of medications that can help manage gout symptoms.
These include: non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), corticosteroids, and colchicine.
You can reduce your risk for developing gout by including low-purine foods such as fish, poultry, legumes, fruits and vegetables.
Avoid drinking alcohol, meat, seafood and being overweight or obese.